CBS/AP October 4, 2018, 11:55 AM Typhoon eyes Japan, South Korea as hurricane prompts evacuations from remote Hawaiian island

Typhoon Kong-rey, left, is seen approaching Japan and Taiwan and Hurricane Walaka is seen near Hawaii in a combination of satellite images made on Oct. 4, 2018.

Joint Typhoon Warning Center

A strong typhoon was heading toward southern Japan's Okinawa islands as a powerful hurricane prompted evacuations from a remote atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Typhoon Kong-rey was on a track that could take it to South Korea.

The Japan Meteorological Agency said Thursday that Kong-rey has maximum sustained winds of 78 mph with gusts up to 112 mph. It was heading north at about 12 mph.

Some parts of Okinawa and other small southern Japanese islands were already seeing rain, wind and high surf. Many flights were canceled at Okinawa's main airport in Naha city.

The typhoon was forecast to pass west of Okinawa's main island overnight and continue north Friday toward the Korean Peninsula. It could bring heavy rain as it passes the coast of Kyushu, the southernmost of Japan's four main islands.

Meanwhile in the Hawaiian Islands, seven researchers were evacuated from French Frigate Shoals as Hurricane Walaka headed their way, officials said Wednesday. A research vessel picked up the seven, said Kate Toniolo, the acting superintendent of the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument.

The atoll is about 500 miles northwest of Honolulu. Early Thursday, Walaka had maximum sustained winds of 110 mph, making it a Category 2 storm.

A map from the Central Pacific Hurricane Center shows the projected path of Hurricane Walaka as of 11 a.m. ET on Oct. 4, 2018.

A map from the Central Pacific Hurricane Center shows the projected path of Hurricane Walaka as of 11 a.m. ET on Oct. 4, 2018.

Central Pacific Hurricane Center

On Monday, the Coast Guard evacuated four workers from a national wildlife refuge on Johnston Atoll before Walaka passed that island. The storm hasn't threatened Hawaii's most populated islands, where the state's 1.4 million people live.

The French Frigate Shoals researchers were studying and monitoring Hawaiian monk seals and Hawaiian green sea turtles, Toniolo said. They were due to leave the island in the middle of this month, so the evacuation accelerated their departure, she said.

Alyssa Dillon, scientific content coordinator for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, said the research vessel picked up the team on Sunday after being diverted from a project near Kauai. The ship returned to Honolulu on Tuesday.

French Frigate Shoals is where 95 percent of Hawaiian green sea turtles — classified as threatened under the Endangered Species Act — nest. The turtles dig holes on the beach and lay their eggs in the sand, so there's a possibility a storm surge from the hurricane may wipe out their nests.

Storm surges may also hit Hawaiian monk seals that rest on the shoreline with their pups. The seals are an endangered species.

Toniolo said researchers won't return to the island until next year. But a crew collecting marine debris in the marine monument will likely be able to stop by and check for damage before then.

Laura Beauregard of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service said the hurricane poses similar concerns for Johnston Atoll, which is about 825 miles southwest of Honolulu. Johnston is the lone nesting spot for tens of thousands of seabirds within 450,000 square miles, she said.

Some birds have ability to sense air pressure changes as a storm nears and can leave, but they may also be thrown off course, Beauregard said. "But most of them are very tenacious parents, and they're going to stay to protect their chicks," she said.

Falling trees and flying debris could kill the birds. Birds that nest in burrows could drown.

Scientists won't be able to check on the seabirds and the island until another crew heads to the atoll in December, she said. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service sends small crews to the island on six-month rotations.

The evacuation cut short the current rotation by a couple of months. Officials initially thought the workers, who included one staffer and three volunteers, could ride out the storm.

The atoll has a four-story concrete structure dating to the days when it was used by the Navy that the workers could seek shelter in. But the building is only designed to withstand a Category 4 hurricane and for a while Walaka was a Category 5 storm.

"At that point, we knew it would be prudent to have the crew evacuated off the island," Beauregard said.

 A map from the Central Pacific Hurricane Center shows the projected path of Hurricane Walaka as of 11 a.m. ET on Oct. 4, 2018.